Pollen allergy is the most common allergic disease of the respiratory system. About 20% of Europeans complain of its symptoms, and the number of patients is constantly increasing. What is an allergy? What are the symptoms of allergies and how to avoid allergens?
An allergy is an inappropriate, overreaction of the immune system to some external factor (an allergen). Allergens do not harm healthy people, while in allergy sufferers they cause disease symptoms. Plant pollen is one of the most common allergens.
Pollen allergy manifests itself seasonally, during the flowering of plants to which we are allergic. The most common symptoms of pollen allergy are:
In the case of comorbid asthma, symptoms also include:
The most common causes of seasonal allergies in Poland are:
Grass pollen: the period of intense grass pollen is from the second half of May to the first half of July. Grains are also classified by allergists as grasses. The most allergenic grain is rye.
Tree pollen: allergies can be caused by pollen of hazel, alder (alder), birch, poplar, plane, beech, oak and willow. The trees dust from February to early May. Most often it sensitizes birch pollen.
Weed pollen: allergic, e.g. plantain, sorrel, nettle, mugwort, quinoa and ambrosia. Weeds dust from May to September. It is the most allergenic to mugwort pollen.
Mold spores: can cause both seasonal and perennial allergies. Mold fungi of the genus Alternaria sporulate most abundantly in July and August, and of the genus Cladosporium - from June to August.
Diagnosis of pollen allergy is based on a medical history and symptom assessment. Your doctor may also order allergy tests to confirm the diagnosis and to give you treatment against specific allergens. The most common skin tests are.
Treatment of pollen allergy involves avoiding allergens and taking medication to alleviate the symptoms of the disease. In this type of allergy, specific immunotherapy (desensitization) is also used. Desensitization leads to the alleviation or resolution of allergy symptoms and may prevent the development of bronchial asthma.
Pollen is ubiquitous, it is difficult to completely eliminate them from the environment. To limit contact with allergens, during the allergic season: