Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disease characterized by pain and discomfort in the abdomen, flatulence, gas, constipation and diarrhea. It affects 10% of Poles and is the most common disease associated with the digestive system. Its cause is unknown, which means that it is treated by various methods - drugs, diet, psychotherapy, but many IBS patients still suffer despite treatment. Quite recently, information has emerged in the medical world about the effectiveness of a new combination of probiotics in Irritable Bowel Syndrome. See, what we discovered!
Medicine distinguishes four types of irritable bowel syndrome:
Another subtype that does not yet have a name is post-infectious irritable bowel syndrome. It appears after an infection, usually food poisoning. This type may affect up to 1 in 4 IBS patients.
Researchers suspect that IBS can cause infections, bacterial overgrowth, food intolerances, intestinal inflammation, impaired gastrointestinal motility, carbohydrate digestion problems, or cerebral-intestinal axis disorders.
However, based on the research of sick patients, it is known that certain foods can cause symptoms and stress worsens it.
In IBS therapy, mainly symptomatic treatment with relaxants, anti-constipation and anti-diarrhea drugs is used. Due to the fact that 70% of people with irritable bowel syndrome have psychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety syndromes, antidepressants often improve. In addition, antibiotics, cognitive-behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques and probiotics are used.
Many scientific studies have investigated how probiotics and prebiotics can help treat different types of IBS. This is because scientists have combined irritable bowel syndrome symptoms with changes in the bacterial flora. In the intestines of people with IBS, smaller amounts of beneficial bacteria from the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium groups were found than in healthy people, and higher amounts of harmful bacteria Streptococcus, E. coli and Clostridium.
84% of people with irritable bowel syndrome have bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine (SIBO) that can cause many of the symptoms of IBS. However, scientists do not know if this is the cause or effect of the disease.
Did you know that some medications used to treat irritable bowel syndrome destroy good bacteria in the intestines? This can lead to increased inflammation, hypersensitivity to gases in the small intestine, decreased immunity and altered motility in the digestive system, i.e. in the long run to increase IBS symptoms.
IBS (especially the subtype with diarrhea) significantly reduces the quality of life. Patients, due to stomach discomfort, are afraid to leave the house, meet new people, go to unknown restaurants or work professionally. This, in turn, leads to depression, anxiety, worse relationships and missed working days.
Scientists have developed tests to measure quality of life in irritable bowel syndrome - IBS-QoL and anxiety associated with stomach discomfort (VSI). The tests check whether the tested methods of treatment not only reduce the symptoms, but also increase the quality of life of patients - that is, they do what is really important. Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a chronic disease (you cannot be cured of it), and the severity of your symptoms depends on your stress level. For this reason, in the long run, the well-being of patients is a more meaningful factor in improving health than temporarily reducing symptoms.
In a 2014 study, published in the prestigious journal "World Journal of Gastroenterology", scientists showed that I.31 significantly increases the quality of life of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-QoL test) compared to placebo, and also reduces associated anxiety with stomach problems (VSI test).
What is I.31? It is a mixture of two strains of Lactobacillus plantarum (CECT7484 and CECT7485) and one Pediococcus acidilactici (CECT7483). Interestingly, the study reported no side effects from taking I.31. This makes it a great alternative to existing, often onerous and expensive to use, methods of treating irritable bowel syndrome.