A well-known American actor in a car accident suffered severe wounds. After a successful hospital, to his surprise, he began to experience chronic, chronic pain, which persisted despite treatment attempts. Subsequent studies confirmed the diagnosis of fibromyalgia. This actor is Morgan Freeman...
Fibromyalgia is considered a chronic disease, distinguished by the sensation of pain in the bones, joints and especially muscles. Pain is general, and patients often complain of burning, stabbing or stiffness of certain parts of the body. This rheumatoid soft-tissue disease in the form of tendons, ligaments and the mentioned muscles is not inflammatory, but at the same time we do not know its etiology - doctors are still wondering what the causes of fibromyalgia are.
This onerous disease is characterized by painfulness of certain parts of the body and, while the pain is usually not very strong, the nuisance of fibromyalgia is its chronic nature. Surrounding shoulder joints and neck, elbows, knees, hip joints - pain in these places and their morning stiffness may signal that we are suffering from fibromyalgia.
Importantly, in order to systematize the criterion that testifies to whether we fell into fibromyalgia, the medicine accepted that when the pain of generalized and chronic pain lasts at least three months, we may suspect it. The diagnosis of fibromyalgia is made by excluding other diseases. It may impersonate rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative diseases of the motor organs and even lupus erythematosus. Lady Gaga was treated for this last illness before she was finally diagnosed with fibromyalgia - an obvious chameleon among many diseases afflicting the person.
As you can see the disease does not bypass the known and rich. This should not come as a surprise, given that despite its mysterious name and complex diagnosis it is quite common. It can affect 2 to 10% of the population, and usually occurs between the ages of 30 and 50. Importantly, especially for its nonspecific symptoms should be sensitive. Ladies - women get fibromyalgia 10 times more often than men.
People suffering from fibromyalgia also feel a marked decline in mood, libido and a drastic regression of physical condition. The latter can be deepened by fears that can effectively deter a patient from any physical activity (eg fear of going to a swimming pool).
However, before a correct diagnosis confirming fibromyalgia is made, the patient often bounces with the doctor and the doctor - heart palpitations rush to the cardiologist, orthopedic ankle and knee pain, and the confused patient finally gets referred to ... a psychologist! Yes, fibromyalgia may also be associated with anxiety, depression, neurosis and chronic fatigue, and consequently, sleep disorders. A wide spectrum of symptoms.
Good question. It is not known. We only know that the occurrence of this onerious and chronic disease is the result of a defective / disturbed feeling of pain. It is believed that the reason is the hyperactivity of certain structures in the brain and spinal cord, which are responsible for the conduction of pain. For this reason, fibromyalgia is very often confused with chronic fatigue syndrome - both diseases may include low-grade fever, sore throat and enlargement and tenderness of the lymph nodes, as well as characteristic, wandering joint pain.
And here we come to the key thing associated with the diagnosis of fibromyalgia - pressure points. Well, eighteen characteristic points were marked on the surface of the human body. They are located near the joints (hands, legs), neck, and run along the spine. They are arranged symmetrically on both sides of the body. Why are they so important? Because of their tenderness, we can assess whether we can suspect fibromyalgia. Of course, a professional diagnosis is able to put a doctor, but because the road to it is often very long, taking advantage of this self-examination will not hurt. And it can even induce the suffering person to go for professional medical help.
Diagnosis put up. What's next? You'll find out soon enough... ?
EDIT: second part has come ;) Read it now!