Andrew, an ardent amateur footballer, associated his ailments with the last match - he must have strained something, he will pass soon. But in the meantime, the second month has passed and the pain is still there. Then there was a burning sensation and a strange uncomfortable feeling in the bottom of the stomach. In the end, it was not without a visit to the doctor. This after a relatively short and physical examination was already able to make a diagnosis: "Hernia!".
A hernia is the displacement of organs or parts thereof outside the body cavity in which these organs normally reside. The most common are abdominal hernias. Abdominal hernia arise within the abdominal wall, in the so-called places of reduced immunity - such are, for example, inguinal regions, the navel, or scars after surgery. The direct factor causing the occurrence of hernia is the pressure prevailing in the abdominal cavity. It should be noted here that it increases during the contraction of the abdominal muscles (physical activity and cough), increasing the pressure of our intestines on the abdominal wall, including places with reduced immunity.
It is estimated that inguinal hernia will occur in every fourth person in the world. Interestingly, they are more likely to occur in men than in women. In addition, the formation of hernia increases with our age. It is important that there is usually no single cause for which a hernia is formed. Many factors lead to its creation. The most important are anatomic factors (eg groin), as well as genetic and metabolic factors - they can cause changes in connective tissue structure thereby reducing its mechanical strength.
Hernia is a major health problem because it generates pain and limits physical activity. In the case of Andrew, it was the fact that his quality of life deteriorated and he decided to go to the doctor. He was just fed up with the fact that after the conference his friends were going to play football while he was limited in pain and was forced to isolate himself. Already at the doctor, our hero learned that uninvited hernia can trap, which only exacerbates the case - you can contract obstruction and even intestinal necrosis.
Firstly, Andrzej and rather no one else is able to help neutralize this physical condition. Surgical intervention is required here, it will not work without surgery. And that was the case with Andrzej. An effective way to remove a hernia is surgery. It should be added here that the vast majority of inguinal hernia operations are performed so-called non-tension methods - the mesh of synthetic material is used to strengthen the weak tissues of the patient. The doctor also explained to Andrew how and with what techniques he could get rid of his problem. The surgeon can do the so-called open technique - by a large cut in the groin, but also by the technique of small, three-inch incisions below the umbilicus. It is a laparoscopic technique, minimally invasive.
As for the use of synthetic meshes, Andrew learned from the surgeon that it is now the global standard. At the same time, it is the best solution for the patient - the mesh strengthens the tissues and does not cause their negative tension. Thanks to this, the effectiveness of treatment is achieved, i.e. a small number of hernia recurrences. Due to the fact that the mesh is a foreign body, our body treats it differently - it surrounds with an additional wall of connective tissue. The nets are not used in principle only when the hernia is trapped or when the intestines are blocked, when there is a high risk of infection and the development of further complications. The logical translations of the doctor somewhat calmed Andrzej, who had only one question to the doctor ...
The doctor explained to him that after the surgery he would return home and in the first months he would have to limit his activity. Due to the fact that Andrew's surgery will be performed using the Lichtenstein technique (open technique), his return to activity in the form of practicing sports will be possible after about 3 months of surgery. The surgeon did not fail to tell the patient that the hernia can come back, and even if someone has a genetic tendency to them, appear in pairs, i.e. once from one side, once on the other.
Andrew finally got the treatment. This was carried out successfully and already 4 months after getting out of bed, a die-hard sports fan slowly started to do physical work. He added his favorite football to the pool (only to a limited extent) to systematically strengthen the muscles and give the groin time to recover. The wife of his wife was most satisfied with Andrzej's decision to lie down under the knife - she knew very well that it would be difficult to force a stubborn husband to visit a doctor. Fortunately, he went to him himself before his hernia began to swell.
There is an old saying that tells us that it is best to learn from the mistakes of others - a hernia can be the best example.