Conjunctivitis is the term under which the infection or inflammation of the eye, particularly conjunctivitis, is concealed. Most people who use the term "conjunctivitis" mean a bacterial or viral infection, but this disease can also be caused by allergies and irritants, such as cigarette smoke. How do you recognize with which type of conjunctivitis you have to deal with? How to treat them? You'll find out from the article.
Conjunctions are mucous membranes covering the inner part of the eyelids and the outer part of the eye protein. At first glance, it's hard to distinguish if you have ordinary eye irritation, dry eye syndrome, allergic, bacterial or viral conjunctivitis. However, know that the last two varieties are very contagious, and the first three are not. Diseases also differ in the causes of their occurrence and treatment methods.
So how do you discover what's wrong with you? Pay attention to specific symptoms and take into account your medical history (past and current diseases, medical results).
In case of viral conjunctivitis, abundant aqueous secretion and the appearance of conjunctival glands are characteristic. This disease can occur after the inflammation of the lungs, throat or ear and lasts from 14 to 21 days.
Bacterial conjunctivitis lasts only 5-7 days and there are no characteristic symptoms except abundant purulent secretion. It can happen to anyone, even a completely healthy person.
When allergic conjunctivitis is a symptomatic symptom, the eye is very itchy (so-called pruritus). In addition, the disease usually manifests itself in the spring, during the period of pollination of grasses and trees, but it can also appear in other seasons. It lasts as long as allergens are present, it can be even for a whole year (eg if you have a dog at home that you are allergic to). Please note that other allergic symptoms, such as a runny nose, sneezing or itchy skin, have not appeared with conjunctivitis.
In turn, in the dry eye syndrome the problem will be burning, which may be accompanied by dry mouth. Menopausal women and people with autoimmune diseases are more likely to get ill and take various medications, among others for hypertension or allergy. For this reason, the disease does not end spontaneously.
Not all eye diseases require medical consultation. Below you will find a practical guide. However, if your treatment does not improve, go to your primary care physician or ophthalmologist.
Standard treatment includes antibiotics in the form of eye drops or ointments. Make sure you follow all the doctor's instructions on how to use the medicine. If you wear contact lenses every day, it's a good idea to take a break from them. After healing the bacterial conjunctivitis, you will be able to come back to them.
There is no protocol for the treatment of this disease. After a week, when the virus causing it disappear, viral conjunctivitis should go through itself. In the meantime, you will bring relief to your eyes using warm compresses.
Antihistamines without a prescription can help from the inside with inflammation caused by allergies. In the pharmacy you will also find eye drops with antihistamine and anti-inflammatory effects that will bring you immediate relief.
This disease is treated only symptomatically, because the causes can often not be completely eliminated (because they are medicines taken permanently or traveling through menopause). It works only from the outside and with the help of artificial tears or substitutes for tears, the proper hydration of the eye is restored.
In this case, the treatment is unnecessary, because it is enough to stop contact with an irritant, such as tobacco smoke. To ensure that the eye is already clean, you can rinse your eyes with physiological saline or artificial tears.