Effective treatment of joint pain is a combination of over-the-counter treatments, prescription drugs, physical therapy, and sometimes surgical methods. Find out how to treat joint pain in osteoarthritis.
Over-the-counter remedies for joint pain include paracetamol and NSAIDs, i.e. non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. NSAIDs are anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, paracetamol only fights pain. It is worth starting with an NSAID in an ointment or gel, in the form of a patch or spray. They will prove useful in osteoarthritis of the knee and hand joints. These are examples of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs:
Let's start with paracetamol, which is not a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It is safe when used in accordance with the leaflet or the doctor's instructions. However, if it is overdosed, it can damage the liver. You should also remember not to combine paracetamol with alcohol.
When it comes to NSAIDs, there are a few rules to keep in mind:
Thus, you reduce the risk of peptic ulcer disease or damage to the kidneys and liver.
Are other joint pain medications effective besides NSAIDs?
Yes, your doctor will prescribe opioids if your NSAIDs are ineffective. These are powerful prescription pain relievers. Examples include codeine or oxycodone.
Other over-the-counter arthritis remedies include glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, which you'll find in our Artrozin formulation.
Based on the 2018 EULAR study, these supplements are recommended for osteoarthritis of the hands. How do they work? They reduce pain and improve mobility. However, they do not inhibit the development of the disease. Note - glucosamine should not be used by people allergic to seafood. A treatment cycle should last 6 weeks.
The extracts of phytosterols and fatty acids from avocado fruit and soybean can also have an analgesic effect.
Research is ongoing on ...
How else to cure joint pain - diet and sport
Pain medications are needed, but other measures are also needed. The key is to go on a diet if you are overweight or obese. Thanks to the weight loss, you will relieve the knee joints and hips that support the body. Not only that, doing this will make you take less painkillers!
However, is traffic always advisable? Well no. When the joint is swollen and pain is also present at night, it is necessary to let it rest.
Whether to use a cold or warm compress
Cold or warm wrap? Both cryotherapy, i.e. the use of an ice pack, and warm compresses relieve pain.
How to apply them?
Apply an ice pack for 15-20 minutes several times a day, then as needed. The cold reduces pain but also reduces swelling.
a warm compress works, but only up to 1-2 cm deep. The hot water bottle can be used for a maximum of 20 minutes.
In the case of both cold and warm compresses, do not apply them directly to the skin, but through e.g. a cloth.
You can apply capsaicin to the skin over the sore joint. For many people, it is effective in relieving pain. You already know over-the-counter medications and supplements for joint pain, you know how to use them. You can hope for new measures that are currently in research. Now is the time to answer the question: when and what doctor should you see if you have a sore joint. You will find out about it soon.