In the previous part we wrote about how ADHD manifests itself. We also presented 3 myths about this disease. Now it's time to deal with the remaining 4 and show how ADHD patients are wrongly judged.
Despite the fact that ADHD is not a fatal disease, it should be noted that it can have a significant impact on the quality of life of the patient and his family. People with ADHD are more at risk of anxiety, mood and sleep disorders, injuries, obesity, auto-aggression, suicide attempts and abuse of psychoactive substances (drugs, alcohol, drugs) than the general population. They also experience legal and financial problems more often and become involved in complicated relationships with other people.
Adults with ADHD in their professional careers may also experience problems with performing their duties without mistakes and on time. As a result, they have to face continuous probationary periods and being threatened with dismissal, which causes constant stress over the future and the maintenance of their families. You may need more time to complete the task correctly. While some facilities have already been introduced in schools, such as a longer time to take the test, at work a person with ADHD will be constantly compared to others and it will be difficult for him to keep up with healthy employees. This can lead to a situation when a person with ADHD performs work below his qualifications or mental abilities.
People with ADHD secrete other amounts of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, noradrenaline or glutamate, which affects their mood, amount of energy, ability to remain calm or concentrate.
Scientific research has also shown anatomical differences between the brain of people with ADHD and the brain of people without ADHD, especially in areas responsible for planning, organizing and starting tasks. Other studies have shown that ADHD has a source in the genes - if one identical twin has ADHD, the other most often also.
In this myth believe to many bystanders, but unfortunately also some doctors or therapists. Indeed, methylphenidate, the most popular drug for ADHD, is an amphetamine derivative. There are cases when people acquire it illegally and use it for narcotic purposes. However, as we mentioned in the previous point, the biochemistry of the brain of a person with ADHD is completely different than that of ADHD. What a person without ADHD will put into a state of drug elation will allow a person with ADHD to feel normal (like a person without ADHD) and function well in society.
The second controversy concerns the fact that people with ADHD are more prone to addiction, which implies the belief that they will use drugs like drugs. However, studies do not confirm this, they show the opposite. People with ADHD are less likely to use addictive substances and are more likely to have abstinence due to treatment. In addition, ADHD drugs are designed so that the active substance releases slowly over many hours, so there is no sudden euphoria like drugs that reach the bloodstream and then the brain.
In addition, one of the addiction criteria is increasing tolerance to a given substance. The alcoholic needs to drink more and more to feel relief, but people who are treated for ADHD after choosing the right dose have been taking it successfully for many years. Moreover, often thanks to psychoeducation, therapy and learning to live with the disease, this dose can be reduced over time.
Medications for ADHD can improve the patient's condition so much that he can return to driving a car, which previously was not possible due to attention deficit disorder.
Yes, medicines are needed, but this is only the beginning of ADHD treatment, the form of which depends on the age of the sick person. For children, parents' psychoeducation is used and they are taught, other guardians and teachers, to intervene in the child's behavior.
In adults, psychoeducation also plays a major role, but instead of parents, it concerns the patient himself, who can also participate in cognitive-behavioral therapy or coaching.