When you hear "neurodegenerative disease", the first thing that can come to your mind is Alzheimer's disease. The second type is maybe Parkinson's disease, maybe multiple sclerosis, or Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. But is that all? Neuro means cerebral, located in the skull, but also nervous. The term neurodegenerative therefore also includes diseases of the nerves, including those which end in organs. One of these nerves is the optic nerves, and one of the organs is the eyes. Learn all about glaucoma, the neurodegenerative eye disease.
In glaucoma, nerves are damaged. As a result, defects are formed in the field of vision, especially on the nasal side in the beginning. In the further course of the disease, these cavities widen. The sick person then sees the image as through a keyhole. It is then called spotting vision. Eventually, it comes to blindness, blindness. This is because damaged eye nerves do not regenerate. 
Glaucoma can be symptomatic, but it can also be an insidious eye hazard. This is the case in over 50% of people who are unaware of the development of the disease for years. One of the types of glaucoma, however, makes itself felt with characteristic, alarming symptoms.
is a sign to go to an ophthalmic emergency room immediately. It is a state of emergency for your eye. If you stop treatment, you risk losing your eyesight completely.
Glaucoma can be caused by too high pressure in the eyeball. This is due to an imbalance between the production and drainage of aqueous humor from the eye. However, in some people the intraocular pressure is normal.
This is called normal pressure glaucoma. Doctors observe it in patients with heart disease, hypo- or hypertension and anemia. The optimal pressure range in the eyeball is 12 to 21 mmHg.
How glaucoma is treated depends on the type of glaucoma. In some types (primary angle-closure glaucoma), laser or surgery is possible. It works by opening the drainage path for the aqueous humor that fills the eyeball. The procedure removes the closure, the obstacle. The effect is to lower the pressure in the eyeball. Here, a complete recovery is possible.
Another type, so-called idiopathic, has to be treated differently. Medicines, laser treatments and ultimately surgery are used for this. The goal here is not to cure, but rather to inhibit the development of the disease.
Glaucoma medications in the form of eye drops should be used regularly and for a lifetime. The frequency of instillation depends on the drug, it ranges from 1 to 2 applications a day. Among the drugs we can find older substances, such as 100-year-old pilocarpine, through beta-blockers and the latest prostaglandins and citicoline. You can read about the latter substance below.
Scientists have long known that citicoline protects the cell membranes of neurons. Recently, however, more and more has been said about it in the context of the optic nerve. Citicoline is often taken orally, i.e. tablets. In the case of a chronic disease such as glaucoma, it is a great convenience and convenience.
Besides, Citicoline has no side effects, another plus. Basically, it has no contraindications, and does not interfere with or interfere with other medications.
The risk factors for glaucoma development are independent and dependent on you. The independent are over 40 and their genes. Race is also important - African Americans get sick more often. You also have no influence on short-sightedness or farsightedness, or the specific structure of the eye. However, you can "work" on the following risk factors:
The most important thing is prevention. If you have a family member with glaucoma, get regular eye examinations. If you are over 40, even if you do not have a sick relative, do preventive examinations every 2 years.