Hay fever and conjunctivitis - these are mainly symptoms of the allergy to plant pollen. Some patients may also have bronchial asthma attacks, skin problems and even nausea or vomiting. How do you control these symptoms? What's dusting in individual months? Which pollen sensitize the most? Ready? Well, let's start to read!
Hay fever at the beginning of the year? It is possible, because sometimes in January the pollination of hazel begins, and immediately after it - alder. Did you know that pollen allergy to both plants usually goes hand in hand? Some allergy to pollen of hazel and alder may also have allergic symptoms after eating hazelnuts or some fruit. The reason is so-called cross reactions that result from the similarity in the construction of their sensitizing substances (allergens).
In February hazel and alder blooms. Be warned! On days when the concentration of alder pollen in the atmosphere is high, allergic people may experience symptoms of pollen asthma. These include paroxysmal coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath. Are you going to the Mediterranean in the winter? Watch out for pollen from highly sensitized cypresses.
March is the time of pollination of hazel, alder, ash or poplar. Contrary to popular opinion, pollen allergy of this last tree is relatively rare in Poland. It does not sensitize poplar fluff. Allergic symptoms from the turn of May and June, when fluff rises in the air, are in fact related to the beginning of grass pollination. Are you allergic to ash pollen? You may have symptoms of allergy after contact with the pollen of the olives.
In April, among others, ash, poplar, oak, willow and birch. Birch pollen allergens are in Poland the second most common (after grasses) cause of symptoms of periodic allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and atopic pollen asthma. Sensitive to birch pollen may also have secondary allergy to celery, carrots, apples or cherries. Its symptoms include swelling of lips and oral mucosa, itching and runny nose as well as nausea and vomiting.
In early May, ash, oak and birch are still blooming. The last decade of the month is the beginning of a period of intensive grass pollination. People with allergies to grass pollen begin to experience attacks of sneezing, watery runny nose, tearing and redness of the eyes, as well as symptoms of pollen asthma. How to prevent this? In addition to taking medicines, avoid traveling by the open window, walking on the meadow or mowing the lawn.
In June, grass continues to dust intensively. They also sporulate fungi (molds) from the genus Alternaria and Cladosporium. Sorrel and nettle begin to bloom. Do not forget that the symptoms of pollen allergy intensify on hot, dry or windy days. Our advice? In the season of pollination, it is best to go for walks in the rain or immediately after it.
In July, mold fungi and weeds are pollinating. Among the latter, the mugwort is the most allergenic. Sensitization to its pollen is in Poland the third most common trigger of the symptoms of periodic allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis. Sensitisers of pollen from mugwort also cause cross reactions with allergens, among others celery, apple and carrot. If you are allergic to pollen from pollen, avoid eating these products.
Are you still sneezing? August's allergic symptoms may be associated with the flowering of nettle, mugwort, ragweed, and quinoa, and intense sporulation of mold fungi. The most common causes of hay fever and asthma among fungi are those of the genus Alternaria. Although they are included in outdoor molds, they are also found in apartments. They can grow on fruits and vegetables and on moist walls, window sills or window frames.
In September atmospheric spores are still present in atmospheric air. Pollinates also ambrosia. This weed is the most common cause of pollen allergy in the United States, but its most sensitizing varieties also grow in Poland. It is worth knowing that people allergic to ragweed pollen may also have allergic symptoms after contact with pollen from the mugwort and camomile baskets extract.
These are the last days of ambrosia pollination. Until November, there are also spores of mold fungi in the air. Symptoms of pollen allergy cease to be felt. However, in autumn and winter, symptoms of year-round allergies are more annoying. These are, for example, allergies to house dust mite allergens, indoor molds or our pets, such as cats, rodents, birds and dogs.
Allergy and its onerous symptoms are burdensome to the point that they can hinder normal daily functioning. However, you can do a lot to face them effectively, and reduce the risk - even by the relevant home appliance and housing.