Sinusitis is the most frequent of upper respiratory tract infections, a condition that affects both adults and children. Are you aware of the seriousness of this condition? Learn the methods of treatment that you can use at home. And thirdly, learn how to effectively prevent this kind of infection.
The paranasal sinuses (commonly referred to as sinuses) are cavities that contain air. Man has 4 pairs of sinuses that are found in the bones of the skull: 2 frontal sinus (as the name suggests, behind the forehead), 2 sphenoid sinus and 2 sinuses (at the level of the nose) and 2 maxillary sinuses (behind the cheeks). Each of these sinuses is connected to the nasal cavity. Thanks to this, on the one hand, there is no secretion in them that could become a breeding ground for bacteria. On the other hand, the bays reach the air, thus providing them with ventilation.
Sinusitis is a situation in which inflammation develops and swelling of the mucous membrane that lines up. And here begins the vicious circle. Swelling clogs the ducts that discharge into the nasal cavity and the sinuses are ventilated. The secretion accumulates and the inflammation spreads, giving symptoms.
Inflammation can be caused by a virus (in 90% of cases), in 1 out of 10 people it is a bacterium, and the least often a fungus (it can be expected in patients with AIDS, after transplantation or in patients with diabetes). Sinusitis can also develop due to contact with an allergen or cigarette smoke. In the higher risk group are allergy sufferers, patients with a bent nasal septum or those neglecting teeth treatment. In the last case, the inflammation spreads from the diseased root.
If we take the duration of the disease, sinusitis is divided into:
The classic symptoms of acute sinusitis include:
Sometimes patients experience:
In turn, chronic inflammation produces a similar set of symptoms, but they are milder.
Contrary to appearances, the "non-prescription" methods are very effective. Recall, 90% of sinusitis cause viruses, and viral infections are not treated with antibiotics, but symptomatically, that is, we can also count on home methods.
We include drinking lots of fluids (to dilute the residual secretion and facilitate its removal), inhalations, wraps from a hot towel to the nose and forehead, and moisturizing with saline solution. And all this is available without a prescription!
Without a prescription we also buy painkillers and anti-inflammatories in the pharmacy, most preparations for allergies or nasal drops. If the infection lasts more than 2 weeks or even earlier, a high (above 39 degrees Celsius) fever will occur, do not hesitate! It's time for an appointment with a family doctor and an antibiotic. The treatment lasts for 10-14 days. The doctor may also prescribe a nasal steroid, and if the perpetrator is a fungus - an antifungal medicine. In the case of chronic sinusitis, surgery is possible.
It is better (and easier) to prevent than to cure. This rule is as old as the world, but how is it to prevent sinusitis? Well:
in the infection season (at the turn of autumn and winter and spring), wash your hands more often,