Each of us sometimes feels stressed. Every day we face new challenges and it is an inseparable element of our lives. However, prolonged stress can build up as well as a negative impact on our health.
Stress itself is a completely normal, psychological and physical reaction of the body to ... life. That is, we are just stressed by everyday matters - no matter if they are trivial or very annoying. Stress arises when we feel pressure and gradually lose control over it, somehow we give in to it, and thus - we start to stress. While stress, as a natural and logical reaction of the body that triggers the "fight or run" mechanism can be useful (sudden adrenaline rush results in increased motor skills, which can help fight or just escape), its excess may already be a big problem. It's just that each of us has a limit of psychological immunity.
All the symptoms associated with stress, i.e. accelerated heart action, digestive disorders, and even immunity problems - are the result of the mechanism that tells us "fight or run away". The real problem begins when we are stressed in a longer period of time - the body is constantly excited, we operate at faster speeds, and thus, we age faster. In addition, perpetually stressed people are much more likely to have a heart attack or stroke. As if that was not enough, "bred" by us stress can lead to psychological problems - neurosis and depression!
The common ones include such everyday events as significant changes in personal life, problems with a partner or partner. Debtors are always stressed out, which means financial problems. Children are particularly exposed to stress when changing schools, divorcing their parents, or, for example, losing a pet. Perfectly this feeling is familiar to you who had such a companion.
The concept of stress is related to the so-called stressors. These are factors (usually of the outside nature) that determine whether our stress "falls into the norm" (it is temporary and quickly passes), but whether we can already fully talk about ourselves that we are victims of persistent stress. Expertly it looks like this: after a stimulus causing stress, a hormone cocktail is thrown into our body, including cortisol, which is supposed to help us in a stressful situation (eg during an escape). When the threat that triggered our stress passes, the body begins to stabilize the hormone levels to normal, i.e. adapts to a new, already safe, situation. Such stress is completely common and can not be avoided, because it simply involves events that happen in our lives.
However, when the stressor is extremely strong or its effect is prolonged, simply the use of our adaptive abilities occurs - then we talk about chronic stress. Here the big problem begins. People permanently stressed have mental problems, for example, they become forgetful, cynical, self-critical even to the point of self-pity. Our emotional sphere also suffers - there is frustration, we become empathetic, we feel anxiety or strange fear.
Physically is not better - abdominal pain (remember the stress before graduation?), Feeling of extreme fatigue, and even pain in such parts of the body as the back - these can be physical symptoms of life in constant stress. Finally, our character changes - we are worried, we withdraw from social life, we even avoid the family, generally the world often takes on dark colors for us. Unfortunately, these are logical consequences of the fact that our hormones are crazy about the body and constantly putting us in a ready mode which exhausts our body and reprograms even the brain.
In ending the exposure to stress, we must mention that it often also has ... a positive face. Exactly! Marriage, birth of a child, promotion at work or change for the better - all these events bring joy, but they trigger the same mechanism, "fight or run away". A heart attack after the episode of a raise? Unfortunately, this is the most possible!
Having the above in mind, let's try to look at the issue of stress with a slightly milder eye. It turns out that it is not dependent on our vision - it is simply our genetic adaptation, which allows us to face the challenges that humanity encountered on the path of its development. And besides, why bother unnecessarily.
So when you're standing at the bus stop and getting irritated that the bus is late, recall Ernest Hemingway's following, very accurate, statement:
To get nervous is to take revenge on your own health for the stupidity of others
It's hard to deny the author of the "Old Man and the Sea" perceptiveness, right?