The metabolic syndrome affects 6 million Poles. Find out if you are among them. Measure your waistline correctly, measure your blood pressure and do some tests. Even if it turns out that you have metabolic syndrome, there are effective treatments. Learn about both the pharmacological and natural ones.
Metabolic syndrome is not a disease, but a set of risk factors for other diseases.
What kind? About this in a moment.
What are these risk factors? We talk about the metabolic syndrome when a patient has at least 3 of the following five risk factors:
The foreground of the metabolic syndrome is increased waist circumference, i.e. abdominal obesity that may be related to insulin resistance. We also call it "apple" obesity.
The upper limit of a healthy waist circumference is 80 cm for women and 94 cm for men. How to accurately measure it? Waist circumference is the narrowest part of the torso.
Please follow these steps:
Yes, the treatment of hypertension, type 2 diabetes or lipid disorders means meeting individual criteria for the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome.
So, if you are taking medications for high blood pressure and diabetes, and your HDL cholesterol is too low, you have metabolic syndrome.
The metabolic syndrome can pose a risk of illnesses and conditions such as:
Fortunately, the situation is not hopeless because we have prophylaxis and effective treatments.
The answer to the question of how to treat Metabolic Syndrome basically boils down to questions about diet and exercise. But of course, medicine has something to offer. These are drugs for lipid disorders, i.e. the described increased triglyceride levels and lowered HDL. They are also drugs for high blood pressure and diabetes. Metformin is used in people with pre-diabetes (and not only in them).
It is an effective way of stopping the transition from prediabetes to diabetes.
It is relatively easy to recognize Metabolic Syndrome with the help of a tape measure, blood pressure monitor and a few blood tests. However, the treatment should be left to specialists - an internist and a dietitian.
We return to diet and sport. The Mediterranean diet and the DASH diet have proved effective in many scientific studies. We strive to reduce body weight by 7-10%. Such weight loss already gives measurable benefits, it reduces, among others, risk of developing diabetes.
The Mediterranean diet is based on:
It is necessary to limit sweetened drinks, alcohol, sweets, salt, saturated fat.
Diet is not everything. Something else is also important.
Exercise is for example 30 minutes of brisk walking on most days of the week. Any effort that makes your heart beat faster is good. Start by walking instead of driving by car or public transport. Convert the elevator to the stairs. Any physical effort reduces the risk of hypertension and problems with lipids (triglycerides and HDL).
Regular and moderate physical activity can significantly improve not only your well-being or test results - it effectively helps in the treatment of many diseases. And there are specific scientific studies for that - read about them here.
You already know what Metabolic Syndrome is and also how to check if you have it. You know the dangers of metabolic syndrome. One risk factor should make you take effective action. Today you can dance for a while, replace the candy with nuts, season your dinner with herbs instead of salt. This is a great start!
 Gajewski P. Interna Szczeklika 2019/2020
 American Heart Association. Why Metabolic Syndrome Matters. https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/metabolic-syndrome/why-metabolic-syndrome-matters
 Cleveland Clinic. Metabolic Syndrome. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/10783-metabolic-syndrome/living-with
 Mayo Clinic. Metabolic syndrome. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/metabolic-syndrome/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351921